In this tutorial, we want to create a PySpark DataFrame with a specific schema. In order to do this, we use the the createDataFrame() function of PySpark.

Import Libraries

First, we import the following python modules:

from pyspark.sql import SparkSession
from pyspark.sql.types import StructType, StructField, StringType, IntegerType

Create SparkSession

Before we can work with Pyspark, we need to create a SparkSession. A SparkSession is the entry point into all functionalities of Spark.

In order to create a basic SparkSession programmatically, we use the following command:

spark = SparkSession \
    .builder \
    .appName("Python PySpark Example") \

Define Data

Now, we define a list containing the data of the DataFrame:

data = [
    ("Python", "Django", 20000),
    ("Python", "FastAPI", 9000),
    ("Java", "Spring", 7000),
    ("JavaScript", "ReactJS", 5000)

Define Schema

Next, we would like to create a PySpark DataFrame with a specific schema. For the schema, we have to specify the column names along with their data types.

To do this, we use the classes StructType and StructField. StructField is used to define the column name, data type, and a flag for nullable or not.

schema = StructType([

Create Pyspark DataFrame

Next, we create the PySpark DataFrame from the defined list.

To do this, we use the method createDataFrame() and pass the defined data and the defined schema as arguments. The method show() can be used to visualize the DataFrame.

df = spark.createDataFrame(data, schema)


Congratulations! Now you are one step closer to become an AI Expert. You have seen that it is very easy to create a PySpark DataFrame with a specific schema. We can simply use the createDataFrame() function of PySpark. Try it yourself!


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